Origin of the Curia
In the middle of the 6th century BC the legendary king Tull Gostilius built the first curia to assemble an assembly of 30 elected representatives in it of the Roman people. Such an elected clan leader was called kurii. The
first curia was named Curia Gostilius after the third king of Ancient Rome.
The location of the curia
center of political life of ancient Rome was the forum and the curia was an important part of it At the forum there was Komicius, where the assembly was meeting. The comicius was a rectangular space arranged with the sides of light in mind. Curia was in the north of Comicius.
Curia and Curia
There were three main counties in ancient Rome: Titia, Ramna and Lucera.
Ten representatives were chosen from each district. These 30 people were going to the people’s assembly of the Kuries. Voting took place in Comitia, a sacred place called soothsayers.
Kuria Assembly decided on the order of succession to the throne by kings and transfer to the king of his powers. The Kuriyev were replaced by the liactors when the royal period of Ancient Rome ended.
The location of the Curia Gostilia
Curia Gostilia was oriented to the south. It was a sacred place, and it was orientated in the same way as Roman temples. On the same axis with the temple, but to the southwest of it, there was Curia Julia. The old Curia Gostilia was destroyed. In its place, the entrance to the new forum located northeast of it was erected.
The Curia Julius
Julius Caesar began constructing a new curia shortly before he was killed. The construction of Curia Julius was completed after his death in 29 BC by Emperor Augustus. Like its predecessor, this new curia was also a temple. Emperor Domitian restored curia in 94. An image of the senate assembly in this curia can be seen in Trajan’s famous anaglyphs The relief is in the Roman Forum in the Senate chamber. The curia is also possibly depicted in one of the reliefs on Trajan’s arch in the Italian city of Benevento.
Curia Julia burned in a fire under Emperor Carinus.
Currently Curia Julia is in Rome, in the Roman Forum.
She was again set up by Emperor Diocletian.
Architecturally, Curia Julia is a hall measuring 25 by 17 meters, with cement walls covered in bricks. In each corner of the building there is a support. The front wall on the inside is decorated with slabs of marble. The ceiling is covered with plaster. Limestone brackets and brick cornice were also covered with plaster. A span of several steps led to the front door where the architrave was located. In 303, two colossal columns were erected at the entrance to the curia in honor of the decade and twentieth anniversary of Emperor Diocletian. The first of these columns has not survived, but the second still lies on a forum in Rome.