Samuel Morse: significant facts of biography

  1. He was born on April 27, 1791 in. Charlestown (USA) in the priest’s family. From his young years he became very interested in drawing. A lot later on to the love of art will be added another one — the love of inventiveness.
  2. The parents made attempts to give Samuel another education, but they did not lead to the desired result. But still the lectures on electricity, which were given at Yale University, he listened with attention — as if he predicted that they would ever be able to serve him good service.
  3. Father and mother differed in rigor in parenting and disapproved of fascinations with painting. Despite this, they sent their son to comprehend his favorite art for the ocean — to the Royal Academy of Arts, which was located in London. There he received a gold medal for good exemplary studies. And returned to his native United States. But it turned out that Americans painting cared very little.
  4. This situation forced to change Samuel’s strategy: instead of large historical canvases he was forced to write portraits of people for money. And the work has sometimes yielded positive results and some success. The portrait, for example, of President Monroe today enjoys notoriety and is located in the White House.
  5. Morse was quite sociable and active in kind, enabling the creation of the American Academy of Design. He was the first to lead it.
  6. Then the aspiring artist goes to Europe again with the aim of learning how to organize drawing schools properly. That was what was waiting for his fateful meeting: Morse met Louis Daguer and began to be interested in the latest developments in the field of electricity.
  7. Returning home across the ocean on a ship, he accidentally struck up a conversation with a fellow traveller about an electromagnet that had been invented only recently. A fellow traveler was surprised why, if the current turns out to be visible at the two ends of the wire, it is impossible to transmit by means of messages. The artist has thought deeply about this problem, too. And found the original solution.
  8. The first instrument was made of simple easel, old paint tassels, and hour wheels. It will be many years of diligent study and work before it becomes properly functioning. To the mechanism Morse invented a special code (Morse code), which would later be further elaborated by other inventors.
  9. Early in 1838. Morse put the experience on the artificial line at the University of New York. People watching this experiment saw with their own eyes that the new invention and special code actually work.
  10. The first message that was relayed by a telegraph line that ran between Washington and Baltimore was the short phrase “This is what the Lord did.” There was a significant event in 1844.
  11. After the first successful serious experiences, as is often the case in such cases, court cases began immediately: between Morse and partners, and between Morse and his competitors. But the inventor was winning all the courts he had to get involved in.
  12. To use the extremely useful invention of Morse, ten countries in 1858 paid him 400 thousand francs. Such an amount allowed Samuel to spend his remaining years in warmth and comfort: near New York, he acquired a good estate. This house is now considered a historic monument.
  13. At old age Samuel Morse, and he lived almost 81 years, became passionate about good deeds: he began to help various schools and universities, allocated funds for biblical societies and needy artists.

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