is the European name of the mountain, which has long been called locals, Tibetans, Jomolungma. This title translates to “Divine Mother of Life”. Nepalese who observed the mountain from the southern side referred to it as the “Mother of the Gods”, which sounds like “Sagarmatha”. The mountain was named “Everest” by the name of English surveyor George Everest.
Until the mid-19th century, there were no exact data on the height of the mountain, so its rank of highest peak was unofficial. In 1852, an Indian mathematician conducted a series of calculations and determined that Everest is the highest mountain on Earth.
Everest was formed when two plates collided, Indostan and Eurasia. The Indian plate went under the crust in Tibet and the mantle was lifted up, resulting in a large mountain range that still continues to grow due to the slow movement of tectonic plates.
Himalayan mountains cover a huge area in the Tibetan Highlands and Indo-Ghanaian Plain, separating the desert and mountainous regions of Central Asia and tropical areas of South Asia.$ In length, the mountains stretch for almost 3 thousand kilometers, with a width of 350 kilometers. The area of the Himalayas is about 650 thousand kilometers, and the average height of the peaks is about 6 thousand meters above sea level.
Everest is the highest peak of the Himalayan Mountains. The mountain in the shape of a three-faceted pyramid has two peaks: the northern height of 8848 meters is located on the territory of China, or rather, the Tibetan Autonomous Region, and the southern height of 8760 runs right along the border China with Nepal. On
all sides, mountains and ridges of smaller size surround the summit: in the south Jomolungma connects to the 8,000-year-old Lhodze, between them lies the South Saddle Pass; from the north is the North Saddle, which leads to Mount Changze. On the east side of Everest is a steep impassable wall called Kangashung.
Near the mountain are the peaks of Nuptze, Makalu, Chomo Lonzo. Also the mountain is surrounded by glaciers located at an altitude of five thousand meters: Ronbuk, Eastern Rongbuk. From the north of Everest stretches the Rong River gorge.
Partly, the mountain lies within the Nepalese Sagarmatha National Park, which consists of gorges, mountain ranges and difficult to pass areas in the Upper Himalayas.
Major cities closest to Everest are Nepal’s capital Kathmandu 150 kilometers and Tibet’s capital Lhasa, which is much farther away — away 450 kilometers.