Egyptian gods and cats
So, it is believed that the first domestic cats appeared about 10 thousand years ago in Ancient Egypt with the transition of man to a settled way of life. People began to erect the first settlements and dwellings. In this regard, there is a need to build storage facilities for food, in particular barns for cereals and grains. The development of farming has led to an increase in cereal harvests. Small rodents, mice and rats began to fruit in barns, which caused great harm to grain stocks.
Ancient Egyptians made the observation that rodents fear feral cats. This prompted them to lure cats into barns, as the grain these beasts did not feed. As a result, cats began catching and destroying mice and rats in barns, preserving the harvest of Egyptians. In gratitude, the inhabitants of Ancient Egypt began to feed cats, taming and domesticating them.
The image of cats was carved on rock paintings in caves, they were trained and taken with them to hunt.
For such good, the Egyptians erected cats to the rank of sacred animals, pandering to their reproduction in every way. These animals even began to be protected by law. Killing cats was forbidden and punishable by the worst punishment.
From the wild to the home hearth
Later cats were let into the house and they fully acquired the status of pets. In Asian countries, these beasts were revered no less because of their ability to protect food supplies from being eaten by rodents.
In England these animals became pets, following the Foggy Albion passion for cats befell both France and Italy. Each country tried to bring out its breed, and different species were valued at different times. Thus, in the 16th century, smooth-haired cats were popular, which was explained simply: Europe was exhausted from heat for almost 8 years in a row, allergies to dust, fluff and menagerie wool befell almost everyone. In the 18th century, on the contrary, came a fashion for fluffy Persians and small shaggy individuals, who often accompanied ladies at balls and receptions.
China has spent centuries purity of breeds. For a while crossing different cats was forbidden by imperial decree.
In Asia and Europe, domestic cats imported from Egypt began to interbreed with their native cognates, resulting in their new breeds. Now scientists have about 200 species of domestic cats around the world.