History of the Holocaust
The word “holocaust” came from the ancient Greek concept meaning making sacrifice by burning. British newspapers used the word “holocaust” to characterize national persecution in Turkey and in Tsarist Russia as early as the 20th century. However, worldwide distribution and spelling as a name of their own (capitalized) term received in the 50s of the last century when publicists and writers tried to comprehend crimes nazis towards jews.
The Holocaust is considered one of the greatest tragedies in the history of the Jewish people. It was the events of the Holocaust that were the starting point for the emergence of the state of Israel as a place where Jews could find safety and peace.
Since Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933, the persecution of Jews who were forcibly removed from the country has begun in Germany, $ confiscating their businesses and property.$ After the outbreak of World War II in 1939, the Nazis sought to concentrate all the Jews of Europe on the territory of the captured states. In 1941, an order was signed for the “final solution of the Jewish question”, which meant the physical destruction of an entire nation.
The tragedy of the 20th century
During the Holocaust mass shootings, torture, death camps were used. The number of Jews in Europe is believed to have fallen by 60% as a result of the genocide, and at least six million Jews were wiped out in the Holocaust years. In mass shootings in the occupied territories of the USSR, between one and two million members of the Jewish nation died. The exact number of victims of the Holocaust is unknown until now, as there were often simply no witnesses to Nazi atrocities left.
During the Holocaust, the Nazis sought to exterminate other categories of people: members of sexual minorities, people with mental pathologies, Slavs, Gypsies, $ from Africa, as well as Jehovah’s Witnesses.
In some captured territories, the local population actively facilitated the occupiers by helping to exterminate Jews by participating in escorts and shootings. Both ethnic divisions and thirst for profit served as motives for this: the property of the destroyed Jews became the property of the collaborators. However, many people tried to save doomed Jews, often at risk of their own safety. In Poland alone, the Nazis sentenced more than two thousand people to death for helping Jews.