Difference between the concepts of gender and sex Until a
certain time it was believed that the sex trait is immutable and independent of the will of the individual. However, the presence of certain genitals in a newborn child does not yet mean that it clearly refers to boys or girls. For example, in the examination of female athletes, along with the obvious female signs of the organism, the chromosomal set is taken into account, since sometimes the male genitals are adjacent to the female genitals hormones. It gives athletes advantages in competition.
Currently, with the help of modern medicine, sex can be changed.
Gender, as opposed to sex, is social, social, acquired through parenting. People are heavily influenced by the cultural unconscious environment. Since gender is a social phenomenon, it undergoes changes simultaneously with the development of society and culture. For example, back in the 19th century it was thought that a man necessarily wears a short hairstyle and trousers, and a woman – long hair and dress. These things are not considered a sign of gender nowadays.
Meaning of the concept of “gender stereotype”
Gender trait attributed to women and men is living in mass consciousness. In an undeveloped society, he pressures individuals by imposing certain forms of social behavior. For example, it is believed that a man is a “miner”, he must earn more than his wife. It is also believed that a man must be aggressive, assertive, engage in “male” occupations, make a career at work, be fond of fishing, sports. A woman must be emotional and soft, concessional and concessional. She is “instructed” to marry, to have children, to engage in “women’s” professions, the main time she must devote to the family.
Gender stereotypes may vary across societies. For example, in Spain the ability to cook is a sign of real macho, whereas in Slavs it is a purely female occupation.
Stereotypes like this give rise to gender issues for some. That is, a husband on maternity leave to care for a newborn, a wife nursing a family, a man who is into embroidery, a woman making a career instead of marriage – they are all exposed to social conviction for gender – inappropriate behavior.$ Thus, gender is a social stereotype that also leads to gender discrimination, as leadership roles in society are often assigned to men. Many developed countries have specific gender policies: the State tries to hear the concerns of its citizens and eliminate gender inequalities. To this end, a code of laws is being created leading to the formation of a society equal to all people.