Gileia — the humid equatorial forest
Evergreen is located along the equator in narrow bands. Here, solid walls stand multi-tiered trees, under the crowns of which there is eternal half-gloom and stifling humidity. Temperatures in such forests are constantly extremely high, and there are no changes in seasons. A solid wall of storm rain could collapse at any moment. That is why such jungle is called still constant rain. Alexander Humboldt gave them the name “gilea” – from the Greek word for forest.
Some travelers of the past, having visited such a forest, called it “green hell.”
Each of the plant and animal species found in the gilea has its own “floor”, a place of permanent habitation. “Floors” in the forest can be up to five.
Lower tier is the least densely populated floor of equatorial forest. It is home to insects, a variety of rodents, predators (including, for example, panthers, jaguars, leopards, and other wild felines), as well as wild pigs and small ungulates. In India, elephants live here – they are smaller than African and quite capable of moving under low cover of trees.
By the way, this is the kind of forest Rudyard Kipling described in the book “Mowgli”. A boy raised by wolves grew up in a giley.
Water snakes, crocodiles and hippos live in diverse and numerous bodies of water — lakes and rivers.
Incidentally, some rodents live on higher tiers as well — they have special eardrums between their limbs, allowing them to plan between trees.
A variety of birds live on all tiers of equatorial forest, ranging from tiny bright nectarnishes to rhinoceros bird and huge turaco. Another feathered inhabitant of the equatorial forest is a toucan with its bright yellow neck and red stripe on its beak. The birds of paradise with long colored tails and wallets are kept up in their exoticity.
Most in the rain forests of all sorts of parrot species. True, some (usually the most beautiful and unusual!) of them are on the verge of extinction — mainly because of the activities of poachers.
In the crowns of trees live and monkeys: chimpanzees, monkeys, gorillas, macaques, gibbons. They usually settle in flocks.
A wide variety of snakes also live in equatorial forests. These include huge pythons, udavas, anacondas that can weigh up to 100 kilograms. They include both live and egg-laying species.