The project of the frame house
As in any other case, work on the frame house begins with the development of the project – exactly the accuracy of its execution will depend on the success of everything events. In addition, at the time of elaboration of the project it is necessary to draw up an estimate of future works, which in the future if and slightly changes, then not very much.
Preparation of the design project of the future house begins with the definition of living spaces. Be sure to consider the number of family members, make a bookmark on family replenishment and do not forget about all necessary utility rooms.
Specialists recommend to allocate for each individual family member a room with a meter – 40-50 squares. Such space, as psychologists assure, is as comfortable as possible.
As for utility rooms, it is also advisable to calculate their area carefully. A scrupulous approach will help you in the course of drawing up a design project completely and accurately determine the area of your entire house. Once you get the numbers, you can understand how many floors should be in your building for a comfortable stay.
However, it is worth taking into account that other factors influence the floor, the type of size of the territory on which the building will be built (the smaller it is, the less likely to get a high-rise structure), Layout and landscape of the land (not for all plots outwardly acceptable large house). And, of course, on the floor of the house a special influence is the age of all those who will live in it. So, for example, if there are people of advanced age in the family, it is better to make the house smaller in height, but stretch in length. With children the issue is quite controversial, as they grow quickly and ladders for them will no longer be such a terrible obstacle and danger.
It is advisable to consider the overall architecture of the street. So, for example, if on it for the most part there are low buildings, it is not necessary to stand out strongly against the general background.
Plus the design of a frame house is that it is assembled from panels to a wood or metal base (the frame itself). This contributes to better planning, as the panels can easily be installed anywhere.
When the design project is drawn up, review it carefully again and make all necessary adjustments. Remember that after the beginning of construction it will be problematic or impossible to change something at all.
Next, work out the estimates. Here it is necessary to calculate very clearly what amount of materials you will need, and how much they will cost. You can base prices on average (if you can save, it will become a nice bonus). Also, be sure to pledge another interest of 25 of the total for contingencies. If there is an opportunity – pledge 50%. The calculation of the cost should be as complete and detailed as possible so that additional funds should not be sought after.
Cost of materials for frame construction For construction of
frame houses, a large quantity of materials is used. It is both the building beam, insulation, and the roof. In addition, the cost also affects the finishing materials – cladding, siding, etc. And it is still necessary to put the cost of materials and the price of those that will go to the foundation. True, there is a plus. Frame houses have quite a small weight, whereby they are usually mounted on a columnar or ribbon foundation. And it noticeably cheapens construction.
So, if you decide to build a building, cottage or building on a frame basis, you will need the following materials.
– gravel, at a cost of about 2000 per cubic meter;
– Formwork boards – 7000 per cube;
– various reinforcement – pordika 1000 per meter cubic;
– road grid – 2000 per cubic meter;
– concrete – about 5000 per meter;
– blocks – 4500;
– cement – 300 rubles per bag;
– insulation – 4000 p per meter;
– geotcan – 50 rubles per square;
– waterproofing film – 30 p. per square;
– concrete (slab) – 4800 per cubic meter;
– concrete winding – 4800 per cubic meter;
– consumables (nails, self-cutters, bolts, etc.) – about 10 000 rubles for everything.
Total cost of one cubic meter of foundation costs about 36000 rubles.
Next, it is necessary to calculate the cost of the cube You will need other materials for him. These
are: – antiseptic – 200 p. per liter;
– asbestos pipes under poles – 400 rubles per chasing meter;
– hydro/steam insulation – 20 p. per square meter;
– drainage system – 2000 p. meter;
– dry plank board – 12000 per cubic meter;
– insulation – 2000 p. per cubic meter;
– plywood – 18000 per cubic meter
– windows (depending on the company and the kit);
– door entrance (also estimated by the manufacturer and used materials);
– softboard – 230 p. per square;
– consumables – about 50000 rubles.
Total cost of a square meter of the house without including windows and doors will cost an average of 38 000 rubles.
To calculate the final cost of materials, one must multiply the cost of 1 cubic meter or square meter by the total area. So will get the full cost of materials for the frame house. If you want to make construction cheaper, try to search the markets where these or other materials are sold cheaper. So you can save substantially.
The cost of construction works depends on what rates are in place at the brigade. But on average it is worth to target 1500000 rubles.
How to calculate the required quantity of materials
In each individual case, the cost of materials is calculated specifically. For example, you can take a house in which the walls along the length of the house are 10 meters, the height of the walls 2.8 m, the walls by the width of the house – 8 m.
For starters, the frame. Calculation for its vertical structural struts start by calculating the total length of the walls of the building (in this example this will be 10 + 10 + 8 + 8 = 36 sq.m.). Vertical struts are usually set 50 cm apart. But it is worth considering that where the windows will be, the distance between the racks should be at least 1.2 m. From here you can calculate the amount of timbers needed to erect the frame. About 4 cubic meters will be needed for the specified example. 3 more cubes of the same timbers should be added to the base of the frame and the final connection.
A trimmed board that is used to cover walls is roughly equal in number to timbers. True, it all depends on how many walls you will cover. Typically, the method of double-wall plating is used. So, for specified in the example, the house will need about 5 cubic meters of board.
For insulation, in each case it is calculated in its own way, depending on its thickness, dimensions and other parameters.