Luis Buñuel: biography, creativity, career and personal life

His calling Luis Buñuel Portoles did not find immediately. Agronomy, entomology, philosophy, history, literature — eventually the student became a holder in the field of arts.

Search for vocation

The biography of the future screenwriter and director began in 1900 in the village of Kalanda. The boy appeared on February 22 in the family of the entrepreneur. Of the seven children, Louis was the eldest. After the birth of the firstborn, the parents moved to Zaragoza.

The son attended a Jesuit school, then went to university in Madrid. The student befriended Salvador Dalí. In 1925, the chartered specialist went to Paris.

Louis began working as a secretary. During his trip to Amsterdam, the young man acted as a production of de Faglia’s opera “Master Pedro’s Balaganchik”.

In 1926 Buñuel began his studies at the film school of Jean Epstein Em Louis assisted as a director in “Maupre” and “The Fall of the House of Uschers”. Publications of articles by the aspiring cinematographer in newspapers in Paris and Madrid soon began.


Co-written with writer Ramón Gómez de la Serna Buñuel. It was not possible to film “Caprichos”, but the budget was used for the debut work. In 1928 the collaboration with the Cinema Club of Madrid began. Louis sent films and lectured there.

With the help of Dalí’s family, he directed the first film, “Andalusian Dog”. The tape was an opening for audience unaccustomed to the shock aesthetics of surrealism. The picture was not accepted, demanding a ban, but the director was talked about. A couple of years later, Buñuel introduced an even more scandalous “Golden Age.”

In 1932 the master took a pause, lasting until 1947. In 1938, the director moved to America, where he was engaged in voicing Spanish films as an understudy. He moved to Mexico in 1943. “Big Cutils” and “The Big Casino” were followed by the drama “The Forgotten”. The master’s creativity brought both recognition and awards: at the Cannes Festival in 1951 the director was awarded for best director.

The cinematographer returned a decade later. There he shot “Veridiana”, winner of the 1961 Cannes Grand Prix. The film gold fund included “Tristana”, “Daytime Beauty” and “Diary of a Maid”, filmed in France. Oscar-bearing was the ribbon “The humble charm of the bourgeoisie”.


Farewell Masterpiece was the dramatic parable “This Vague Object of Desire”, which premiered in 1977. In 1982 published “My Last Sigh”, a book of memoirs by the director.

The cinematographer’s personal life also succeeded. Buñuel’s wife in 1934 became Jeanne Rukard. The cinematographer met her 8 years ago. In the family appeared sons Rafael and Juan Luis, who chose to direct as their profession.

From life the master retired in 1983, July 29.

Leave a Comment