Johnny Cash came to light on February 26, 1932, in the small American town of Kingsland, Arkansas. He became the fourth child of seven children born to farmers Carrie Clovery and Ray Cash. At the age of three, the boy with his parents, siblings moved to northeastern Arkansas to the town of Dyess.
Johnny Cash’s house in Dyess Photograph: Thomas R Machnitzki/Wikimedia Commons
Here the Caches continued to engage agriculture. Young Johnny took an active part in all the works in the cotton fields while simultaneously singing to members of his family. It was the songs that helped them brighten labor weekdays. However, the economic crisis known as the Great Depression did not allow Cashams to cope with financial problems.
They also lost their 15-year-old son Jack in 1944. He died in an accident that occurred while work was being carried out at the mill. Johnny was very friends with his brother and was hard going through the death of a loved one. Later, the difficulties Johnny Cash endured as a child were reflected in the singer’s work.
inspired by gospel and Irish music to create his first compositions. The first song was written by Johnny Cash at the age of 12. Around the same time, he learned to play guitar and began performing on a local radio station.
In 1950, Johnny enlisted in the United States Air Force, where he handled the interception of communications transmitted in coded form using the Morse ABC. During the same years, he and his friends in the United States Air Force formed a musical group called “Landsberg Barbarians” and wrote the famous song “Folsom Prison Blues”.
In July 1954, Johnny Cash made the decision to complete his military service and with the rank of staff sergeant returned home.
‘s music career
tried himself in different professions before deciding to devote a life to music and co-founded the band “Johnny Cash and the Tennessee Two”. As part of the musical collective, he performed gospel style songs. When the musicians decided to record their album and turned to Sun Records, they received a surprise offer from the founder of the label.
Sam Phillips, music producer, recommended that Johnny and his friends focus on performing songs in the country and blues style, as he considered gospel not the most sought-after genre on music market. This led to the release of the songs “Hey, Porter” and “Cry! Cry! Cry!” , which had great success with listeners. And they were followed by the musical compositions “Folsom Prison Blues” and “So Doggone Lonesome”, also becoming hits.
Johnny Cash, 1970 Photograph: Dillan Stradlin/Wikimedia Commons
But the real glory to Johnny Cash came after performing song “I Walk The Line”, which topped America’s music charts in 1956. A year later, he introduced the album “Johnny Cash with His Hot and Blue Guitar”. For releasing label Sun Records, this compilation of songs became one of their most successful and is their first LP record.
In 1958 Johnny Cash signed a lucrative contract with Columbia Records, after which his single “Don’t Take Your Guns to Town” topped the biggest musical hit parades of America.
In the 60s, the singer successfully continued to pursue music and managed to star in several films. He can be seen in the American television series “Rainbow Quest” and crime drama “Five Minutes of Life”.
But by the mid-70s, Cash’s popularity began to wane. The reason for this was the musician’s addiction to alcohol and drugs, which he struggled with for the rest of his life.
In the 80s Johnny Cash toured with Willie Nelson, Waylon Jennings and Chris Kirstofferson. The collaborative work of four successful and talented country singers resulted in three hit albums: “Highwaymen”, “Highwaymen 2″ and “The Road Goes on Forever”.
Johnny Cash at a meeting with Richard Nixon, 1972 Photograph: Nixon official photographer Ollie Atkins/Wikimedia Commons
In 1997, the singer presented an autobiography entitled “Cash: The Autobiography”, which was a follow-up to his book “Man in Black: His Own Story in His Own Words”.
In 2000, Cash’s 85th album, “American III: Solitary Man”, was introduced. And a few years later, he released a compilation of songs, “American IV: The Man Comes Around.” The album was the last published during the singer’s lifetime and was granted the status of “platinum”.
In 1954 Johnny Cash married Vivienne Liberto, by marriage with whom he had four daughters – Rosana, Caitlin, Cindy and Tara. But a succession of his activism and addiction to alcohol and drugs put an end to the musician’s family life. In 1966, Johnny and Vivienne divorced.
Cash’s second wife was American singer June Carter. The couple married on March 1, 1968, in Franklin, Kentucky. They had an only son, John, in March 1970.
Johnny Cash with his son John, 1975 Photograph: Inter-Comm Public Relations/Wikimedia Commons
Johnny Cash died 12 September 2003, having survived his wife by only four months.$ He was buried next to June Carter at Hendersonville Memory Gardens Cemetery.
Johnny Cash’s music and after his death is sought after from country music fans and serves as a source of inspiration for a number of artists, including Chris Isaac, Bob Dylan and Wyclef Jean. The Johnny Cash Museum is open in Hendersonville. In addition, one of the streets of this town bears the name of the singer.