Here it is, which has caused so much controversy and interpretation the finale of the poem:
So go a power step —
Behind — a hungry dog,
Ahead — with a bloody flag,
And beyond the gaze is invisible,
and from the bullet is unharmed,
the gentle act of superglue, by the
snow placer of pearl, in a
white corolla of roses —
Ahead — Jesus Christ.
Alexander Blok belonged to the so-called “symbolists”, who had in honor hazy, as if hidden from the eyes of the reader the content of the texts. As sung in the song, “the deeper the meaning is hidden, the harder it is to understand” – the better. Moreover, if a work is written as a revelation from above or from a voice somewhere deep “unutri” is a sure sign that the poem is a real, true work, for spontaneously, $ illogical, unpredictable, etc.
According to Korney Chukovsky’s memoirs, Block said, “I don’t like the end of “Twelve” either. I wish this ending was different. When I finished, I was surprised myself: Why Christ?” (citation by: Chukovsky K.I. ukaz.Soch., p. 409).
Thus, the deceased author had no explanation.
In the memoirs of Blok’s contemporaries you can find mentions of how the poet “testily listened” to what was said about the “Twelve”, as if he was looking for explanations not until the end of the understandable meaning.
The author of one of the best books about the life and work of Alexander Blok, which appeared in the series ZhZL, Vl.Novikov, believes that trying “today to interpret “Twelve” is like that once again explain Joconda’s smile.” Yet explain and interpret.
There are 4 main theories about Christ in the poem’s finale:
- Christ expresses divine blessing, justification for revolution. Like the incarnation of the phrase “God with us.” The same is Yesenin in the poem “Comrade”, at White in the poem “Christ resurrect”, at Kirillov in the poem “Iron Messiah”, at some proletarian poets.
- Christ goes ahead because he is a guidebook. The revolution is elemental, chaotic, and Christ points the way to a new bright life (according to the sacred texts).
- Christ as a symbol of the liberation of the oppressed, destitute, and offended (according to the sacred texts).
- Christ as a symbol of a new era in the life of Russia. Block wrote: “When Christ was born, the heart of the Roman Empire stopped beating.” Thus, the introduction to the poem about the revolution of Christ is an attempt to point out that the heart of the Russian Empire has also stopped beating (to mention unnecessarily how the poet perceived life in Tsarist Russia).
Moreover, the poet believed in the doctrine of the world revolution, which means that the last paragraph is complemented by a new meaning: Christ as the avant-garde of a new era not only in Russia (with it all only starts!) , but also worldwide. No wonder in the poem he “with a bloody flag”.
In general terms, approximately so.