Folk Fisheries of Russia: Holu Miniatura

Iconic place located in Ivanovo region the village of Holui has been called since 1613. According to experts, the first icon painters were the monks of the local monastery. Later, gifted children from neighboring Mstera and Shui began to teach skills.

Birth of the fishery The

work of the master lost after the revolution. Those left in the village were engaged in search of the application of talents. The company created by them engaged in the production of copies of paintings. Artists could realize creative potential in 1934, starting painting lacquer miniatures in the traditional manner of writing.

In the uniqueness of the proposed fishery initially almost nobody believed, as Mster and Palekh products have already won worldwide recognition.

With the support of Professor Bakushinsky a feature of the masters made great realism, preserving the decorativeness of the work. The foundation of the fishery was laid by the masters of Puzans, Mokin and Kosterin.

The

features of

the

Holu miniature conveys the reality of the outline of the drawing as much as possible. The basis of the color scheme was a cool blue-green with a warm sandbox-orange spectrum. With additional colors, the image is only revived.

The use of silver with gold is permitted only in ornament. The attention of the Holu miniature is attracted by the kindness of the uncast paint.

Artel eventually became a city-forming enterprise. In 1937 her works received a bronze medal at an exhibition in Paris. The subject was expanding. Increasingly, masters depicted fragments of folk tales. The landscape also gained an independent role, ceasing to be only the background of the composition.

The

artists paid great attention to the realism of figures and the expression of the faces of heroes. Architectural objects decorated the drawing. In 1961 the Cholu miniature received international recognition. With the increase in the number of orders from abroad, the number of painters also grew.

There

have

been no special changes to the technology for years. Most of the stages are performed manually, providing the transfer of part of the master’s energy to the Therefore, every thing made in Holui increases in price over the years.

Start work with naviv, tubes made of linseed oil impregnated pressed cardboard dried in the furnace. The workpiece is given the shape of the future product.

Solidified overiv is primed, sanded and covered with black and red varnish and handed over to artists.

Each of them keeps a special formulation of paints secret. Apply paint exclusively with white brush. Cherry resin is added in the ornament mixed with gold leaf, which is polished with a wolf tooth.

On the finished work is applied in several layers of varnish and re-introduced gloss until the slightest scratches disappear.

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