Childhood and youth
expanses of the Russian Empire at the beginning of the twentieth century lived in peace and harmony dozens of large and small peoples. Each people contributed to the development of their native country. Boris Yevseyevich Chertok came to light on March 1, 1912 in the family of a servant. The parents at that time lived in the city of Łódź in the territory of the Kingdom of Poland. His father worked as an accountant in a textile factory. The mother worked as a paramedic at a local hospital. After the outbreak of World War I, the Chertokov family moved to Moscow, away from the theater of war.
When the future creator of control systems turned seven, he was enrolled in a school with a polytechnic bias. Boris together with friends, got carried away with radio equipment. He visited the library and was introduced to news from this field of science and technology. The young man was well able to design radios, amplifiers and other electronic devices. In 1928, a publication appeared in the pages of Radio Everyone magazine describing a lamp radio that Chertok had come up with. The following year, he graduated and entered a job in the electrical shop of a silicate plant.
Scientific and Production Activities
In 1930 Boris was invited to the Tushin Aircraft Plant specialist in electrical equipment for aircraft. After three years, he, who has no higher education, was appointed as the responsible specialist for the development of the system of electricity supply for aircraft that were created for flights in the Arctic. To cut off inappropriate questions, Chertok entered the correspondence department of the Moscow Energy Institute. During the war, Boris Yevseevich held senior positions in the Design Bureau for the development of automatic devices for bombers and rocket engines.
After his victory Chertok spent almost four years on the territory of Germany, where he was engaged in collecting information and studying trophy missile technology. After his return to the Soviet Union, he was appointed head of department to the secret KB, which was managed by Sergei Pavlovich Korolev. Over the years Boris Yevseevich has been involved in the development, testing and putting on combat duty of strategic ballistic missiles. He designed control systems for Earth satellites, interplanetary stations and communications satellites.
Recognition and personal life
It should be noted that on all projects, which Boris Chertok was engaged, lay a vulture “secret”. Homeland appreciated the academic’s contribution to the development of science and defense capabilities of the country. He is awarded the honorary title Hero of Socialist Labour. Chertok is a laureate of Lenin and State Prizes.
Boris Yevseyevich’s personal life developed safely. He took as his wife Ekaterina Semenovna Golubkina. The couple raised and raised two sons. Academician Chertok died in December 2011. He was buried in Novodevichy Cemetery.