Anatoly Lyapidevsky: a brief biography

Starting conditions


period of industrialization in the history of the Soviet Union is marked by a large number of labor achievements and feats. A revealing episode is considered to be the rescue of the crew and passengers of the steamer “Chelyuskin”, wrecked in the Bering Strait. The heroes of those events in direct and figurative sense were Soviet pilots. Anatoly Vasilyevich Lyapidevsky was one of them. The future polar pilot came to light on 23 March 1908 in the family of a rural teacher. Parents at that time lived in the village of Belaya Glina on the territory of Krasnodar Krai.

During his childhood years, Anatoly was not different from his peers. The boys grew strong, energetic, prepared for agricultural labor. As a teenager, he worked as a backroom in a forge, as a fitter, as a mechanic’s assistant at an auto base. In 1926, Lyapidevsky was called into the Red Army. Technically trained fighter sent to courses of military pilots. After graduation, he continued serving in the Air Force. He taught piloting techniques at Yei Aviation School for several years. In 1933 he demobilized and left to work for Chukotka in the Polar Aviation Unit.


service to Motherland

in the Winter of 1934, the steamer “Chelyuskin” crashed in Arctic latitudes. The crew and passengers disembarked on the ice floe, which gradually decreased in size. People could be rescued using aircraft. Lyapidevsky was at that time flying the first pilot on the heavy ANT-2 aircraft. But first of all it was necessary to find the place where people were. Almost thirty flights were made by an experienced pilot before discovering the camp of the Cheluskyns. The car had to be put on a very small pad. Catastrophe was avoided thanks to skill and learned skills. Twelve people boarded, including two children.


rescue operation was praised in the country’s government. The pilot of the first class was presented to the high rank of Hero of the Soviet Union. On the chest at Anatoly Vasilyevich Lyapidevsky glittered the Gold Star at number 1. In the following years, the brave pilot went to study at the Engineering Department of the Air Force Academy. The certified specialist was appointed the director of the aircraft plant in Omsk. After the war, an experienced production organizer was confirmed as Deputy Minister of Aviation Industry.

Labor and personal life

When production of the hydrogen bomb unfolded, Lyapidevsky was assigned to direct a special design bureau. In the secret KB were engaged in creating electronic circuits to control the bomb fuse. The task engineers solved brilliantly.

Personal life of the illustrious pilot and large-scale organizer of science developed safely. He married once and for life. The husband and wife raised and raised two children — a son and a daughter. Anatoly Vasilyevich Lyapidevsky died in April 1983.

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