What types of insulation exists

There are many types of insulation: these are traditional keramsite, slag concrete or straw, and modern materials — foam, glass wool, polyurethane foam. In the ranking of the most popular insulation in our country, the first places are taken by foam, mineral wool and ecowat.

Mineral wool

Mineral insulation in plates or rolls is one of the most common today. It is a soft fibrous material made by melting rocks that have low thermal conductivity. Minvata has not only excellent thermal insulation properties (a slab of only two centimeters thick can protect a house from cold even in northern areas), but also other useful qualities: good sound insulation, resistance to temperature differences and chemical effects, very low hygroscopicity. Mineral wool is well deformed, so it is easy to use, especially if you need to insulate pipes or walls. It burns poorly and prevents fire from spreading in fire.

Most often use minvata in rolls, but there are also mineralovate slabs, which are convenient to insulate facades, roofs and foundations.


, or Styrofoam is one of the cheapest types of insulation, at a price inferior only to straw, for which is very appreciated in budget construction. It has high thermal insulation properties, even exceeding those of mineral-wool plates, so a material of small thickness can be used when insulating. It is a very lightweight material, so it is easy to use in mounting, although due to this quality additional wind mounts are required.

Foam has several significant disadvantages: it burns very well, and when it is heated and melted, harmful substances for the body are released. Also, this insulation needs to be laid without slits, otherwise the cold will penetrate the room unhindered. Therefore, installation foam is necessary when styling foam.

Mice and other rodents are partial to foam, and sometimes within a year of insulation they force to carry out work anew.


Ecovata is a cleaved pulp treated with antiseptic and fire-fighting substances. This insulation has a number of advantages: well protects against cold, bad burning, perfectly safe and eco-friendly, racks to external influences.

But it is more difficult to lay than minvatu or foam, as ecowatu needs to be dusted or milled with special devices. In addition, it absorbs moisture well, so it requires steam insulation.

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