Types of stairs
Perhaps you, as a homeowner, do not care to know the correct name of a type of staircase. However, knowing the whole range and distinctive features, it is much easier to navigate what option is suitable for your giving. So, there are internal and external stairs, as well as stairs stationary, transformable and portable, but do not forget about marching and spiral variants of designs.
Outdoor ladders are generally made of very strong materials resistant to any mechanical damage and bad weather conditions. It can be metal, concrete, granite, sometimes wood. It is also customary to use wood for the manufacture of internal stairs, but more expensive rocks, such as oak. In the event that the staircase performs only decorative functions, it may be made of more fragile materials: glass or plastic.
Stationary stairs stand out for strength and reliability but, unlike portable and transformable staircases, require quite a lot of free space. That is why a stationary staircase is not suitable for small spaces, where you need to save every square meter. If the task is to use the available free space sparingly, then it is better to get a portable staircase, which can be used only if necessary. It can be made independently at home, for this you do not have to thoroughly study carpentry.
When it comes to attic rooms or cellars, it is better to equip them with transformable staircases that can be cleaned compactly while they are not in use. The advantages here are that they do not need to be moved and do not need to be equipped with a special storage space. Transformable staircases are sustainable and practical.
If your cottage has several floors, then a portable staircase structure in this case will not suit you. Therefore, you should consider the option of a beautiful and reliable stationary staircase, which will be convenient and safe to climb to the second floor.
In case of lack of free space, the ideal option is a compact screw design, which is less convenient to use, but is a good decoration of any country interior .
A stationary staircase, first of all, should be safe and functional in case you have to carry anything bulky and heavy through it.
Materials for the manufacture of stairs
According to the type of material from which stationary stairs are produced, all structures can be divided into: metal, concrete, wooden and combined. A graceful and respectable staircase to the second floor can be made of wood. Natural and warm material will give the summer interior a special charm and help create an atmosphere of coziness, and durable wooden beam will ensure the construction reliability. But it should be noted that to make a beautiful wooden staircase yourself is a labor-intensive occupation. Here you can use one of the options: buy a ready-made staircase, or make an individual sketch and contact a company that specializes in the production of wooden structures of different type. Manufacturing to order will cost a little more, but the ladder will exactly meet all your requirements, wishes and sizes. This factor is not insignificant if you value your strength and time. The main advantage of the tree is that it allows you to implement various functional and decorative elements that make the staircase elegant and unique.
A sturdy and reliable option will be the metal ladder. Metal can be used both for the manufacture of the entire structure or only for the production of its individual parts and decorative elements. You can create a custom and very original design by combining metal with other materials, such as glass, plastic, wood or marble. Stainless steel will look very original. The material is not abrasive and is highly resistant to mechanical loads. Exclusively and individually look spiral metal stairs. The only drawback is that the designs require a certain mindfulness and skill when walking up and down. Therefore, screw-type stairs are considered less convenient to operate. But thanks to its spiral shape, this option helps to save space, amazes its smooth curves and does not turn the overall interior of the room into something ridiculous.
It is worth saying a few words about such material as stone. The stone staircase requires a special room and an attentive approach to the design project, has its style and character. Therefore, it is more under becoming a large cottage made of brick rather than a daché. For a small country house, a combined version of the staircase, where the steps are decorated with mosaic material.
A good solution for stair design is ceramics. In this case, you can arrange the floor and steps in a single style.
thinking about the design of the ladder, do not forget that you can combine even different ways of fixing steps, not just different materials. And to make the staircase look an integral part of the interior, it needs to be properly illuminated, thereby emphasizing smooth lines and original decorative elements.