Why lobelia is so popular
Lobelia (lobelia) belongs to the bellflower family. The plant prefers stony and moist soils. The main advantages of lobelia are that its small, gently blue or blue flowers are perfectly combined with other large and bright plants, making up a fine background in any floral arrangement. This is why lobelia is commonly used in landscape design.
There are three types of lobelia: the lobelia is erect, ampel and compact, where all plants differ in height and shape of the bush. Straight lobelia reaches a height of not more than 30 cm, sprigs of the ampel plant grow in length up to 40 cm, but compact – does not grow above 15cm. The lobelia flower is small and in diameter does not reach even 3 cm, but due to the fact that there are always many inflorescences, the flowering bush looks lush and solemn.
The plant pleases gardeners with flowers until the first frosts and requires no special care. By the way, if you grow lobelia on the balcony, you can easily extend flowering in winter. In order to go new shoots and lobelia has blossomed again, the exposed bush needs to be trimmed, fed and watered. Here, the main thing is to observe the temperature regime and not particularly diligent with watering. The fact is that lobelia is bad to tolerate severe excess moisture and direct sunlight. Having good shady properties, the plant blooms perfectly even on the northern balconies.
Thanks to its beautiful colours and aerial views, lobelia has long taken a decent place in the hearts of flower growers and landscape designers. It is not necessary to grow lobelia from seed. If you want to decorate the loggia or decoratively decorate the paths of the garden, you can buy a finished plant. But not all aspiring gardeners will be interested in buying lobelia as a commodity. It’s much more fascinating to go through the whole process from planting seeds and to first flowering. And one should not think that growing a beautiful lobelia is a difficult occupation. Undoubtedly, the work of the flower grower is a matter not in haste, but the result is worth it!
Lobelia flowers are most often monotone, but come with an eye as well. Depending on the variety, the flowers may be white, pink, purple or dark blue.
How to grow lobelia
lobelia, like petunya, is propagated by seeds. Plant seeds in the soil is at the end of winter, but it is possible to plant in early March as well. It should be borne in mind that in this case the lobelia develops slowly, so you need to think about the seedling as early as possible. But it is possible to sow seeds in the open ground no sooner than May.
For seedling, it is best to use shallow capacity. If you don’t have a flower pot of the right shape and height, then safely use a plastic container from any sweets. Prepared container fill with decontaminated soil, and top with a thin layer of levered sand. Since lobelia seeds are very small, it is convenient to plant them in the soil with a toothpick. To do this, on the tip of a wet toothpick, hook a few seeds and then transfer to damp soil. This method of landing may not suit everyone. Therefore, you can simply spread the seeds evenly into the planting vason. The top should not be soaked with soil, as seeds like to come out on the light.
If the container is put in a well-lit place, then the first sprouts will appear in a few weeks. You can speed up the process if you cover the container with the seeds with film, thus creating the effect of the dressing room. The next stage is seedling. Your seedling will be beautiful and healthy if you can provide her with the right care. To do this, carefully monitor the moisture of the soil. Don’t overlook the spotlight as well. For the seedling to be strong, it should provide additional lighting on cloudy, rainy days and evenings. And the plant needs hardening, so it is good to take seedling outside already in March. As an option you can take seedling on the balcony if it is located on the sunny side.
The cultivated seedling should be piqued and seedling. By the way, even flowering lobelia can be piqued, but it is a more troublesome and lengthy process. The fact is that untangle long and thin stems is a painstaking enough work that not everyone will have to morals.
Lobelia seedling can be fed with complex fertilizer. Subfeed can be produced one to two times before the start of the flowering period.
Another method of reproduction of the flower is cuttings. This requires keeping the adult plant until spring, bringing it into the house. In spring, cuttings should be cut and root them in the soil. To keep the lobelia better, cuttings can be dipped into a growth stimulant and covered with a plastic bottle, thus creating a mini bar. At the same time, the greenhouse should be regularly ventilated and removed excess moisture from the walls. Watering the cuttings should only be warm water. Once the cuttings are rooted, it can be given to be planted in open ground.
Occasionally in open ground, plants are attacked by powdery mildew and other fungal diseases. If folk remedies do not help, safely apply topaz, otherwise the plant may be sick for a long time and lose its beautiful appearance.
In heavily fertilized soil, lobelia is less prone to flowering, so it should not be fed frequently. For better branching of lobelia seedling, after piking, can be plucked several times.
It should be mentioned that the lobelia was named after the botanist de L ‘Obel, who lived in the 17th century. Today, lobelia is a collection of hundreds of varieties: “Rosamunda”, “Crystal Palace”, “Red Cascade” and others. Even in the photo, the lobelia flowers are striking with their tenderness, charm and pleasant clean color. That is why many gardeners like to decorate the garden with beautiful lobelias.