Growing a potted rose, flower growers solve a lot of issues: what to pay special attention when buying, how to make it stay in the house. Trying to comply with the conditions of the room, we achieve good results.
Selection of seedling
quality of planting material directly depends on the persistence in new conditions and the life of the plant. It is important to choose a healthy, strong plant. Let’s give an approximate selection scheme:
Examination of the stems. Green flat stems without spotting are a sign of a healthy plant, and black specks will indicate a fungal lesion. The presence of young shoots contributes to good adaptation in the living environment.
Leaf check. The healthy pink has dark green elastic leaf plates with no signs of wilting. White plaque on leaflets is a sure sign of powdery dew, and black and brown spots are a fungal disease. The yellow shade will indicate the depletion of the plant.
Visual inspection for pests will prevent their active development.
From the soil in the container there should be no smell of mold and rot.
You shouldn’t choose a plant that has lots of gorgeous buds on it. The temptation is great, but such plants are literally spared with flowering stimulants. After transplanting from a container to a permanent pot, the luridity of the flowering plant is much lower than the flower, which has quite a few unopened buds.
Planting a room rose
This moody beauty will require constant attention. Do not transfer the rose from the container to the pot immediately after purchase. Let the container last 1 – 2 weeks to adapt in the conditions of the apartment. Then it is necessary to examine the plant again carefully, whether pests appeared or signs of disease, and if everything is OK, you can replant in a new pot with holes in the bottom, better ceramic. On the first year a pot with dimensions 10×10 cm (height, diameter) will be suitable.
On the bottom of the pot is laid a drainage layer, approximately 3 cm, of fine pebbles or ceramzite, but that it does not close holes for draining water. Then a part of the nutritional soil made up especially for roses (sold in garden centres) is filled. After abundant watering, the sapling is extracted from the container along with a damp lump of earth and carefully transferred to the pot. Around the earth coma, it is necessary to fill the rest of the soil, gently seal the hands and water with warm, detached water without chlorine.
For better adaptation, treatment with growth stimulant “Zircon” is performed. In order to prevent fungal lesions, it is possible to treat the rose with the drug “Phytosporin”, and from insect pests – “Actaroy” or “Actelikom”.
In the first time rosechka will be very hard, but if agro-technical techniques are carried out correctly, it will surely recover and begin to develop.
Growing conditions and care
The main parameters in the room are light, temperature, humidity, and the elements of care are watering, feeding, transplanting, pruning, fighting diseases and pests.$
This light-loving plant loves the expanse, and you can’t put a pot next to other flowers closely together. A good option for small bushes is wide light window sills facing southeast, southwest or west. On the south window in the summer will have to apply light shading from the midday sun. To allow the bush to form evenly, it is useful to rotate it from time to time. In late autumn and winter, when the light day is short, knowledgeable flower growers apply additional illumination with electric or fluorescent lamps from a distance of not less than 40 cm from the flower. The lighting is switched on daily for 3-4 hours.
Best temperature range for rose 20-25 C. The room should be regularly ventilated so that the air is fresh, but it is necessary to ensure that the rose does not stand on the draft. In the summer season you can take the pot on the balcony, veranda, loggia. In winter, if possible, it is necessary to move the plant to a room where about 12-15 C.
The air in the room should not be overdried. If the pot is standing next to the heating battery, it’s better to find another place for it. You can cover the battery with a damp cloth. Now it is possible to use modern appliances humidifiers.
necessary to water in a timely manner, drying and drying of the soil is unacceptable. During the period of active vegetation, the bush should be sprayed in the morning or in the evening (not at noon). After 20-30 minutes after watering, it is necessary to check the pallet and drain excess water. By autumn, watering is shrinking.
It is necessary to feed the rose with an aqueous solution of complex fertilizers for flowering plants. Special formulations of fertilizer for roses can be found in garden centres. It is better to introduce fertilizers in small doses once a week. Transplanted and diseased bushes are not recommended to feed, as weakened plants will not be able to cope with absorption of nutrients.
Young rosefish are transplanted each year into a new pot in size slightly larger than the old, and adult bushes in 3-4 years. Transplant is better in February, closer to spring activation of plants. It is necessary to constantly monitor the bush, to carry out a thorough inspection and to process in time from diseases and pests. Trim plants from faded inflorescences and dried shoots is best in autumn as the plant prepares for winter rest.
Among the huge variety of house roses, the best varieties stand out:
Miniature roses of the series “Cordana” with proper care bloom from May to October. About 30 cm tall, the crown is dark green. The varied color color consists of pure colors without shades, the fragrance is absent. Resistance to phytosillnesses and pests, but requires careful care.
Baby Masquerade (Baby Masquerade). A shallow bush of strong, slightly branched shoots (virtually without spines) grows up to 30 cm. It blooms almost continuously with inflorescences of 3-12 chameleon blooms with a delicate fruity aroma. Characteristic feature of the variety is a staggered change of coloration at flowering: lemon yellow is replaced with delicate pink and goes into saturated red. Against the dark green crown of small glossy leaflets, the flowers look amazing.
Miniature Rose Angela Rippon (Angela Rippon). Height of the bush up to 40 cm. A huge number of fragrant pink flowers formed in inflorescences of 3-5 pcs. With small leaves. The shoots are strong, branched, they don’t need pruning. Excellent develops in low-volume pots. Frequent metered feeding is required. It should be noted that there is a propensity for diseases such as powdery mildew and black spotting, so preventive treatment with fungicides is necessary.
Fire Princess (Fire Princess). The height of the bush is about 40 cm. The shoots are erect, the leaves are shiny, toothed. The flowers are terry, orange-red, formed on the tops of shoots in inflorescences of 3-5 pcs. Preventive treatment for diseases is required.
Easter Morning (Easter Morning). Thick white-cream flowers exude subtle aroma, collected into large inflorescences. It blooms lush and prolonged, almost continuously. Resistance to fungal infections is noted.
Room roses are an extensive category of domestic flora with different decorative characteristics. But classic potted roses are low bushes with flowers of all kinds of coloring and dark green dense leaflets. A rich color palette allows you to choose a flower for any interior.