Categories of facade materials
These include protective impregnation, insulation, hydrophobizers, plates, panels, paint formulations, composites, masonry materials, $ plasters and so on. They all have to be resistant to weathering and flushing because they will be permanently exposed to adverse effects.
Insulation for external walls
Protection of the house against cold and heat loss is a very important part of construction. According to building regulations, the insulation layer is recommended to be installed outside the house under the finish coating to avoid dewpoint displacement. Currently, mineral plates, foam, installation foam are used for this purpose. Mineral wool is preferable because of its non-combustible properties, and foam is priced.
Porcelain granite, brick, stone, tile
When finishing facades still prefer natural materials. Porcelain granite is a slab of clay, quartz sand, mineral additives, feldspar and colouring pigments. Tiles are easier to make, but it is also less durable, it is quite often used for finishing public buildings. Facing natural or artificial stone in its properties is superior to other materials, because for a very long time it retains its attractive appearance and strength. The brick is somewhat inferior due to its high hygroscopicity. The general disadvantage of this group of facade materials is a great weight. Large construction companies involved in the construction of buildings establish plants for the production of such materials near the construction site. This is often practiced in large cities: Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg, Voronezh, etc.
Keramogranite began to be produced in XIX century.
Edes, drains, pipes
These elements not only perform their direct purpose: to divert water, protecting walls, plinth and openings from excessive humidity, preventing premature destruction, but also can be a real decoration of the building. They are made of plastic or galvanized steel. Openwork decor, combined with individual color solution, can give the house a unique style.
Paint and plaster
To finish the facade, plasters with a water-repellent layer are used. A tight grip on the base of the wall reliably eliminates the effects of wind and water. At the same time, vapors from inside the room quietly pass outward, resulting in no accumulation of moisture in the floors and walls. If you repair such a coating every six years, it will last more than 30 years. In addition, plasterwork can be done in-house, which significantly reduces the cost of repair and maintenance.
It is a panel of galvanized steel sheet, which was given a special shape by cold rolling. The top polymer coating protects the metal from corrosion and ultraviolet. This material is beneficial and durable, it is used mainly for finishing industrial buildings.
Decking, similar in properties to metal panels, is usually used for laying roofs, creating protective fences on plots, but can be used and in the design of the walls of buildings.
Plastic panels and cassettes with the most amazing texture and color are capable of sampling and natural stone, and wood, and brick. With their help you can visualize the façade or plinth. They are great for ventilated facades, their special mounting system protects the wall from moisture.
Wooden finish of the outer walls
of Reika, timbers are treated with antifungal, fire impregnation, relieving natural wood from the few drawbacks it has. Well, the advantages of this material are known: thermal insulation, hygroscopicity, strength and beautiful appearance.