Southern heat-loving plant prefers open unshaded areas with sandy or dry soil. The roots of the perennial respond very sensitively to the increased humidity, so it is not possible to use heavily waterlogged areas to plant.
The ideal place for lavender landings is a variety of elevations, well warmed by the sun and protected from strong winds and drafts. Note that in the adult state the lavender bush can reach up to one and a half meters tall, so you need to be very careful when choosing a location. The adult plant is highly discouraged, because it is very poor in the new place. The average life cycle of a perennial is about 20 years.
How lavender reproduces Lavender
Reproduction is a simple process. The perennial is best propagated by cuttings and withdrawals, however sometimes the bush fission method can be used. Growing lavender from seeds is quite time-consuming. It will definitely require a lot of time and patience, as stratification is necessary before planting the sowing material.
This procedure involves placing seeds in a wet and cold environment for a period of ten days to one month. Typically, the seeds are pre-mixed with moisturized peat, sand or sawdust, after which the resulting mixture is lightly covered with polyethylene film and placed in the refrigerator or cool cellar with air temperature not higher than +5°C.
After the stratification period, the sowing material is planted in pre-prepared tanks with drainage hole and soil consisting of a mixture of conventional vegetable land, permine and river sand.
Young lavender seeders sprout only if the light day lasts more than 8 hours and the air temperature rises above +18 °C. Note that in the seed mode of reproduction, the first flowering of lavender does not occur until a year after the plant is planted in the open ground.
The propagation of lavender by fission of the bush is produced at the end of the vegetative period. This is the riskiest way, because in this case the risk of death of the mother plant is very high. As a rule, this method of reproduction is used only if the lavender bush is very much grown, and it is vital to good pruning.
Planting of lavender in open ground
The planting of young lavender cuttings is carried out in late May or early June. Before planting young bushes of lavender should be drained with water, after which they together with a lump of earth are carefully planted in a pre-prepared hole, trying to injure as little as possible root system. Semi-shrubs are best placed at least half a metre apart, but to produce a more even curb, the spacing between bushes can be reduced by almost half.
How to look after lavender?
In general, lavender is an extremely unpretentious plant. It is very resistant to drought and to many garden pests. Full-fledged lavender care includes:
- Regular watering. It is exercised only as the ground dries. Excess humidity can cause roots to rot and kill the plant.
- Fertilizer feeding. Experienced gardeners know that during vegetative growth, lavender should be fed with potash fertilizers about once a month. Nitrogen feeding can be introduced into the soil in spring, but it is important not to overdo it, as nitrogen very often stimulates the active growth of the plant to the detriment of lush flowering.
- Weeding. It is recommended to be produced regularly as weeds grow. To make work easier, the soil around the lavender can be mulched with compost or peat. However, make sure the mulch doesn’t fit too tightly to the base of the bush and stems.
- Looping. This manipulation needs to be carried out regularly after watering, as the roots of lavender do not like too dense soil.
- Trim. This procedure is carried out in spring and autumn, and spring pruning is almost always primarily sanitary. At the beginning of the vegetative period, too many young shoots cannot be removed, as this can lead to the death of the bush.
In climatic zones with cold climates before the onset of winter frosts, it is recommended to cover lavender with large coniferous branches. Leaf use is highly undesirable as it can lead to stalks rotting.