Features of ceramic brick
Ceramic brick has several different types:
– building; – hollow;
– facing (or face).
Mixed types of ceramic bricks are very common. For example, the facade version of the brick can be both hollow and full-bodied.
Quite often ceramic bricks are used in private construction to furnish the furnace space, i.e. the part of the wall that directly contacts the open fire. In this case it is often said to have used chamote bricks.
The production of ceramic bricks is conditioned by the state standard, which is a guarantee of the absence of marriage in production. Ceramic bricks must necessarily meet the following parameters. Moisture absorption by brick is allowed not more than 8% for full-bodied and 6% for hollow. The right size is also very important. Standard ceramic brick has the following data: 250 X 120 X 65 mm.
It should be taken into account that according to GOST manufacturers can afford to additionally produce irregularly shaped bricks.
Appearance must also be up to standard. On it one surface must be ribbed, the other surface must be rectilinear. Ceramic bricks must necessarily be environmentally friendly and may not contain the inclusions of lime and stones. After all, if such incantations appear, in the conditions of operation and moisture absorption they swell, as a result the brick spoils, cracks and breaks. The weight of one ceramic brick must be 4.3 g. It is
easy to determine the quality of the firing of the brick by the appearance of the brick. Signs are not enough firing, so-called underburn – the mustard color of stone and the deaf sound that is handed out if the brick is thrown. The cons of such marriage are low frost resistance and poor water absorption. If the brick has been burned, it will have black subpalins and an irregular shape. Such stone has increased thermal conductivity, i.e. heat will be an order of magnitude faster to leave the house. The
advantages of ceramic bricks
The ceramic bricks have a number of its advantages. One is traditionalism. After all, this material is used for construction and finishing not the first hundred years. Which means he’s time-tested. And today ceramic brick is known as the perfect building material, which is used to erect various buildings.
Another plus of ceramic brick is its eco-friendliness. This is due to the fact that it is made of two natural materials, additional impurities are not used. Therefore, ceramic bricks are ideal for building houses where children will live.
Ceramic brick – the material is very durable. Specialists even compare it to natural stone. It is hardy to such a degree that buildings up to 1000 m tall can be built from it. And the built buildings of ceramic bricks differ in durability. The warranty period of such buildings is about 150 years. But history knows the monuments of architecture made of brick, which were built up both three hundred and four hundred years ago. Ceramic bricks are very resistant to aggressive factors of the external environment. And it is also a refractory and frost resistant material. Plus ceramic brick is that it provides perfect soundproofing and thermal insulation.
Types of ceramic brick
Ceramic brick is divided into different kinds. Each of them has its own functions and purpose. Full-bodied brick is the kind of material that has a small allowable volume of voids. Typically, it is used for masonry of walls, construction of columns and other similar structures, which can withstand not only their own weight, but also additional load. This type of brick is still often referred to as building, ordinary, private.
Hollow brick is used for masonry of small partitions, exterior walls, and for filling the frames of buildings with elevated floors. It is still often referred to as hole, slotted, economical, self-supporting. It should be remembered that such bricks are used for lightweight structures. Holes in the brick can be through-sided and one-sided. The shape of such voids can be different – round, square, oval and even rectangular. Such bricks are considered economical due to the fact that less material is spent when making a hollow version.
Brick facing (front, face) generally belongs to the category of hollow. In this regard, it belongs to the category of warm materials. At the same time, due to the fact that it is facing, its color must be even, the faces smooth, and the shapes are correct and standard.
Relief brick is one of the varieties of facing. Its surface has an unusual pattern under marble, wood or antique.
Shaped brick is a figured material. It has rounded corners and ribs, and wrong faces. From such models it is common to erect arches, round columns and decorate the facades of houses.
Clinker brick is used for processing and decoration of plinths, streets, courtyards, paving roads and facing facades. It is very well adapted to temperature differences and aggressive environmental influences. This is due to its increased density.
Chamote brick bears the second name – fireproof. It is capable of withstanding temperatures over 1600°C. This brick is made of fireproof clay. It is found in classical, wedge-shaped, trapezoidal and arched shape.
Comparatively low price per piece, high strength, resistance to various aggressive factors make ceramic bricks extremely attractive and popular for builders.